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Master These 6 Fundamental Skills to Excel at Badminton Full Guide of 2024

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What are the 6 basic skills in badmintonSixty-seven percent of points are won through serves and return shots.

Master these fundamentals first.

Grip guides stroke control; weight shifts enable explosive footwork.

Wield stances for fluid defense or assertive offense.

Send serves with strategy, smash with power.

Hitting forehands? Backhands need work too.

But it starts simple – grip tightly, get behind the birdie, lift on your toes.

Feel the addiction of that sweet spot finding shuttlecock.

Now taste the freedom of match mastery through honing essentials.

Key Takeaways

  • Master proper grip techniques for forehand, backhand, and serve control
  • Develop strong footwork through explosive steps and adapting stances
  • Smash with power by utilizing the whole body and varying across court
  • Continually refine skills by analyzing matches, incorporating feedback, and cross-training

Proper Grip is Fundamental

Proper Grip is Fundamental
Grasping the racket properly is the foundation for executing all strokes.

Use a forehand grip where the index finger guides the racket for shots on that side; employ a backhand grip with the thumb steering for non-dominant side returns.

Master both basic holds, maintaining a firm but flexible grasp, to gain control and fluidly switch grips during play.

Forehand Grip

Grasping the racket with your dominant hand wrapped around the handle and index finger extended down the shaft gives you control for forehand shots.

  • Thumb pressed gently against the grip
  • Index finger dominance over racket face
  • Moderate, flexible grip pressure
  • Wrist positioned for forehand mastery

Backhand Grip

As you transition to the backhand, your thumb controls the racket for strokes to the non-racket side.

Allow wrist flexibility while keeping a firm grip.

With the thumb guiding backhand shots, you can swiftly block defensive shots or attack with powerful backhand smashes.

Mastering backhand grip enables quick movement to either side of the court and strong offensive or defensive play through thumb control.

Stances for Defense and Offense

Stances for Defense and Offense
Continuously adapt your stance during a rally to react to the shuttlecock.

Use an attacking stance when on the offense:

  • Knees bent
  • Weight forward
  • Racket out front to aggressively attack the birdie

Switch to a defensive stance when forced back:

  • Evenly distribute your weight
  • Hold the racket protecting the front
  • Ready to react to your opponent’s shot

Attacking Stance

When smashing the birdie toward your opponent:

  • Bend your knees, shift your weight forward, and hold the racket out in front of you in an attacking stance.

This allows you to:

  • Spring into quick maneuvers
  • Unleash precision strikes
  • Maintain a dynamic posture

An attacking stance facilitates offensive strategies, tactical footwork, and badminton basics needed to excel.

With knees bent and weight shifted forward, you can rapidly respond to shots with precision strikes while retaining balance and control.

Adopting the proper attacking stance sets you up to dictate points.

Defensive Stance

You stand in a defensive stance when facing the net with your body and racket positioned at waist level, knees bent, weight evenly distributed, and ready to react to shots from any direction.

Adopting the proper defensive stance is crucial for defending the net and analyzing your opponent’s moves.

With knees bent and weight centered, you can quickly shuffle left or right to reach shots directed behind or in front of you.

Keeping your racket low allows you to effectively block smashes directed at your midsection.

Mastering defensive tactics, positioning, and footwork empowers you to control the net.

Master Quick Footwork

Master Quick Footwork
Adapt your footwork pace continuously to match the shuttlecock’s speed and position yourself optimally on court.

Move only 1-2 swift steps sideways to cover the court.

Take no more than 2-3 small rapid steps backward.

Advance just 2-3 precise steps up to the net.

Efficient movement with quick, agile steps enables swift direction changes to properly position your body. Badminton demands precise maneuvering around the court using only efficient footwork – never large strides.

Master the footwork patterns to effortlessly reach shots from any direction. Whether backhand slice drop shots or rapid exchanges at net, proper agile steps equip you to confront any shuttlecock.

Continually refine your quick, efficient footwork to unlock your full badminton potential.

Serve Strategically

Serve Strategically
When serving, you have two main options:

  • The high serve sends the shuttlecock deep into the back of the opponent’s court, moving them backwards and limiting their attacking opportunities.
  • The low serve places the shuttlecock close to the net, drawing your opponent up towards the front and putting them on the defensive.

High Serve

Effectiveness demands mastering the high serve to move opponents back by targeting the rear court.

Aim deep into the opponent’s court with precision and advanced techniques like varying pace or spin.

Strategic placement forces your opponent to move back, enabling you to control the rally.

Low Serve

By striking the shuttlecock low and aiming it close to the net, a low serve advances your opponent and often forces them to sprint forward and return the shot from below.

Varying your serves keeps your opponent guessing.

A properly executed low serve makes them scramble to the front of the court to catch up to the shuttlecock.

This strong offensive tactic sets you up to smash.

Smash With Power

Smash With Power
You’ll want to master both the forehand and backhand smash.

For the forehand, hold the racket high and hit the shuttlecock powerfully on the forehand side.

On the backhand smash, hold the racket lower and drive the shuttlecock downwards on the backhand side with force.

Forehand Smash

When playing offense, smash the shuttlecock powerfully with your forehand by swinging your racquet overhead while keeping your grip firm yet flexible.

Jump and use your whole body to generate power.

Keep your wrist loose and snap it on contact.

Aim downwards towards empty spaces on the court.

Vary smashes across court to keep opponent guessing.

Practice footwork drills for quick positioning.

Backhand Smash

You’ll add velocity by using your whole body during a backhand smash, striking the shuttlecock with your racquet held low.

Backhand Technique Defensive Strategies Smash Variations
Wrist Snap Anticipation Cross-Court
Shoulder Rotation Footwork Straight
Hip Twist Racket Angle Deceptive

Hitting Strokes

Hitting Strokes
When hitting strokes, you’ll rely on two primary techniques: the forehand and the backhand.

The forehand stroke is used when the shuttlecock is on your racquet-hand side, allowing you to control the shot with your index finger.

For any shuttlecock on your non-racquet side, you’ll utilize the backhand, gripping the racquet so your thumb can guide the stroke.

Forehand Stroke

You’re controlling the shuttlecock with your index finger when you execute the forehand stroke, played when the shuttlecock’s on your racquet side.

Master proper forehand grip and footwork to line up the ideal contact point.

Keep light pressure and use your wrist.

Follow through fully on the stroke and guide with your index finger.

Well-executed forehands require strategic positioning and explosive power transfer for offensive domination.

Backhand Stroke

Next, you’re hitting the shuttlecock with a backhand stroke when it’s on the non-racket side, controlled by your thumb.

Vary your backhand grip for different shots—use the universal grip to smoothly transition between forehand and backhand.

Footwork drills build quick feet to move effortlessly for precise backhand strokes.

Target your serves to set up winning backhand shots.

Refine techniques until your backhand precision is unmatched.

Backhand mastery lets you dominate the court.

Importance of Warming Up

Importance of Warming Up
Hitting quality strokes requires a properly warmed-up body.

Before play, dedicate 5-10 minutes towards getting your blood pumping and muscles activated.

Perform dynamic stretches, cardio routines like jumping jacks, and joint mobility exercises to elevate heart rate, increase blood flow, and ready the body for agile movement.

Additionally, do badminton-specific drills to rehearse racquet work, footwork patterns, balance, and shot technique.

Besides the physical benefits, warming up develops mental sharpness, boosts coordination and focus to handle the quick reactions badminton demands.

With an active body and alert mind, you prepare for excellence once the shuttle starts flying.

Closed Vs Open Skills

Closed Vs Open Skills
One must recognize that badminton involves both closed skills, which are performed in a predictable environment like serving, and open skills, which require reacting to an opponent’s unpredictable shots.

Closed skills like serving and overhead clear shots can be practiced repetitively to perfection.

Open skills like reacting to smashes or drop shots require quick thinking and adaptation.

Mastery of closed skills builds a foundation for open skills.

Open skills challenge players to apply fundamentals in match situations.

Skills like footwork and stroke technique transition between closed and open.

The key is to first engrain proper closed skill mechanics through repetition, then test those skills against an opponent’s unpredictability to improve open skill proficiency.

Closed skill mastery combined with adaptable open skill capabilities is the formula for badminton excellence.

Join a Badminton Academy

Join a Badminton Academy
As you continually refine your skills, joining a badminton academy can greatly accelerate your progress.

The benefits of an academy include:

  • Expert coaching to enhance your skills
  • Learning effective training techniques
  • Joining a community of players to practice with
  • Receiving high-impact coaching tailored to your level

With professional guidance, you’ll master proper stroke mechanics, footwork patterns, serve placement, and court positioning more rapidly.

Drilling the fundamentals under watchful eyes ensures you ingrain good habits.

Through quality coaching, focused training, and fellow enthusiast support, your game can swiftly advance to new heights at an academy designed for player development.

Continually Refine Your Skills

Continually Refine Your Skills
As you progress in your badminton journey, continually refine your skills by analyzing your gameplay, incorporating feedback from coaches, and cross-training to build complementary strengths.

  • Review recordings of your matches to identify strengths and weaknesses.
  • Ask coaches and teammates for improvement ideas.
  • Take lessons or workshops focused on areas needing growth.
  • Cross-train with fitness activities like sprints or yoga.
  • Set new goals as your skills advance to keep aiming higher.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are some common mistakes beginners make when learning badminton?

Gripping too tightly, using only wrist for racket work, improper footwork and balance, not watching the shuttlecock, choosing overly advanced shots too soon, focusing too much on power over control and placement initially.

Staying relaxed, keeping eyes on the shuttle, and mastering basics first is key.

How can I find a badminton partner to practice with?

Finding a regular badminton partner takes initiative.

Check local community centers, gyms, colleges, and parks for open play times.

Attend routinely, play competitively but amiably, and exchange contact info with fellow players of comparable skill level.

Cultivating these relationships leads to rewarding practice.

What type of shuttlecock should I use when starting out?

When starting out, use nylon shuttlecocks. They’re durable and best for learning proper technique.

Feathered shuttles have aerodynamic properties that closely mimic competition shuttles, helping take your game to the next level.

What should I wear and what gear do I need when playing badminton?

Focus first on wearing lightweight, breathable attire and proper court shoes.

Then, equip yourself with a balanced racket for control and a durable shuttlecock for accurate flight during play.

Mastering fundamentals precedes fancy gear or stats.

How long does it take to become reasonably good at badminton?

With dedication and consistent practice, you can reach a reasonable level of proficiency in badminton.

The exact timeframe depends on:

  • Your natural aptitude
  • The quality of your coaching
  • How often you play


Sixty-seven percent of points originate from serves and returns. Master these first.

Then, grip tightly, lift your toes, and feel the sweet spot.

Taste the freedom of match mastery through refining fundamentals: proper grip, quick footwork, strategic serves, powerful smashes.

Continually hone essentials like stances, hitting strokes, and skills.

Thus armed, discover your inner champion.

Avatar for Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim is an author and software engineer from the United States, I and a group of experts made this blog with the aim of answering all the unanswered questions to help as many people as possible.