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What Comes After Million? Exploring Large Numbers (Answered 2023)

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What comes after millionAccording to Google as of 2023, numbers at the scale of quadrillions and quintillions are estimated for deep space objects only.

For most daily uses, the typical person thinks in terms of thousands or millions for budgets, salaries, populations – not quadrillions! But in certain contexts, we do use enormously huge numbers.

Consider economics: the US GDP is over 21 trillion dollars. Or astronomy: there are over 100 billion stars in our Milky Way galaxy.

In this article, we’ll explore the origins and uses of large numbers beyond millions, giving perspective on the true scale of massive quantities and fun facts about big numbers.

Key Takeaways

  • There are distinct scales for categorizing large numbers, including everyday (thousands/millions), contextual (trillions for GDP), and numeric (million, billion, trillion).
  • Specialized large numbers exist like googol (10^100) and googolplex (10^(10^100)) that are difficult to visualize.
  • Real-world examples involve enormous numbers, including world population, economics, atoms in the human body, and cosmic quantities.
  • Big numbers have practical applications in economics, finance, science and technology, such as bitcoin and computing advances.

Scales for Large Numbers

Scales for Large Numbers
When dealing with large numbers like those used to quantify bitcoin’s supply and mining operations, it’s essential to understand scales beyond just million. After million comes billion, referring to a thousand million; then trillion for a thousand billion.

After that, numbers are often expressed using exponents like 106 for 1 million or 109 for 1 billion, which allows more compact notation for the massive values involved.

Million, Billion, Trillion

You’ve heard of a million, but can you fathom a billion or a trillion? Those humongous numbers make a million look like pocket change!

  • In the American system, a billion is 1,000 million and a trillion is 1,000 billion.
  • The British system defines a billion as 1 million million and a trillion as 1 million billion.
  • Understanding massive numeric prefixes like giga, tera, and peta helps conceptualize gigantic numbers.

Grasping different number notations and terminologies aids in comprehending unimaginably large numbers like those describing bitcoin’s evolution.

Exponents and Scientific Notation

Bitcoins are mined over time until the 21 million supply hits its maximum, my friend. Scientific notation uses exponents to express numbers compactly. For example, one bitcoin equals 1×10^8 satoshis. The exponent indicates how many places to shift the decimal point. Variations like E notation are common.

Scientific notation aids calculating and communicating very large or small quantities like bitcoin’s total supply. Exploiting mathematical principles, miners verify transactions until rewards deplete.

Origins of Large Number Words

Origins of Large Number Words
You likely understand that a million is a 1 with 6 zeros after it, or 1,000,000. After that, a billion has 9 zeros, a trillion has 12 zeros, and a googol has 100 zeros – that’s a 1 followed by 100 zeros! A googolplex is even larger, being 10 raised to the power of a googol, an unimaginably huge number.

Let’s discuss some of these mind-bogglingly large numbers and their origins in greater depth.

You probably understand that a million is a 1 with 6 zeros after it, or 1,000,000. After that, a billion has 9 zeros, a trillion has 12 zeros, and a googol has 100 zeros – that’s a 1 followed by 100 zeros! A googolplex is even larger, being 10 raised to the power of a googol, an unimaginably huge number.

Let’s discuss some of these mind-bogglingly large numbers and their origins in more depth.

Million, Billion

The American system goes:

  • Million
  • Billion (thousand million)
  • Trillion (million million)
  • Quadrillion (billion billion)

The British system goes:

  • Million
  • Milliard (thousand million)
  • Billion (million million)
  • Trillion (billion billion)

So you can see the British system has an extra term ‘milliard’ between million and billion. After that, the British billion is equivalent to the American trillion, and so on.

It’s like the American system adds an extra ‘thousand’ in there before each new term. I remember it by thinking the American numbers are bigger, just like American portions tend to be bigger than British ones! Either way, these numeric scales quickly reach astronomical values that are hard to fully visualize without examples.

Understanding the notation differences can prevent confusion when comparing data between countries.

Googol, Googolplex

After million comes the whopper googol, then the mind-boggling googolplex. Googol’s large size aids in visualizing gigantic quantities. Googolplex finds use in calculating insanely big numbers in math and science. For fun, note googol’s digits dwarf the observable universe’s estimated 10^80 subatomic particles.

Term Definition
Googol 10^100
Googolplex 10^googol

Googol and googolplex showcase the immense scale of numbers. Visualizing and calculating them fosters mathematical understanding.

Visualizing Large Quantities

Visualizing Large Quantities
You may be familiar with common large numbers like million or billion, but have you considered the vast quantities that come after? To grasp the immense scale, consider that a million seconds is 12 days, while a billion seconds amounts to over 30 years.

Yet astonishingly, a trillion seconds is nearly 32,000 years – longer than all recorded human history! Visualizing such enormous figures is key to comprehending Bitcoin’s total supply of 21 million and the mind-boggling timescales of mining rewards and blockchain growth.

Real-World Examples

You’d die of old age waiting to count a googolplex coins. Our world’s size makes comprehending immense quantities challenging. The global population reached 8 billion in 2022, rapidly increasing each year. The United States’ national debt surpasses 30 trillion dollars.

Mega corporations like Apple and Saudi Aramco annually net over 300 billion in profits. Global GDP was approximately 100 trillion dollars in 2021. Space contains billions of galaxies, each with trillions of stars, highlighting the vastness of our universe.


You’re absolutely flabbergasted when you learn there are over 5 quintillion grains of sand on Earth.

Comparing large numbers helps grasp their magnitude. Here are 5 notable quantities:

  1. Atoms in the human body – 7,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
  2. Stars in the Milky Way galaxy – 200,000,000,000 to 400,000,000,000
  3. Neurons in the human brain – 86,000,000,000
  4. People who have ever lived – 100,000,000,000
  5. Ants on Earth – 10,000,000,000,000,000,000

Understanding the scale of numbers beyond millions paints a vivid picture.

Fun With Big Numbers

Fun With Big Numbers
Have you ever wondered what comes after a million or a billion? Playing with huge numbers can stir our imagination and make math more exciting! See how high you can count by exploring googols, googolplexes, and inventing your own numerical terms.

Though impractical, contemplating vast quantities exercises our sense of scale and sparks creativity.

Exploring enormous numbers like googols and googolplexes sparks our imagination and reveals the endless vastness of mathematics. Defining our own giant terms liberates creativity. Though not practically useful, reflecting on gigantic quantities inspires awe, stretches our cognitive limits, and illuminates the conceptual richness of numbers.

Our minds boggle at quintillionths and centillionths. From the cosmic scale of googols to the quantum scale of infinitesimals, numbers unveil a magical landscape we can continue to explore.

Crazy Big Numbers

You’ve heard of a million, but there are way bigger numbers like googolplex that’ll absolutely blow your mind! Beyond quintillions and decillions lie mind-bogglingly massive numbers like googolplex, which is the result of raising ten to the power of a googol.

Trying to conceptualize the scale of a googolplex highlights the limits of human imagination when considering cosmic quantities, infinite possibilities, and truly astronomical numbers.

Math Games and Puzzles

Math puzzles and games love rocking rhythmic riddles that reach ridiculously large numbers. Countless clever competitors conquer counting challenges with creative concentration. Logical leaps let lively minds lucidly outline magnitudes, cracking codes in calculating conundrums.

Brainy battlers best bewildering number games through tenacious techniques – tracing patterns, unraveling rebuses, solving sequences. Though easy equations escalate exponentially, imagination illuminates each evolution.

Practical Uses of Large Numbers

Practical Uses of Large Numbers
You probably understand numbers through the millions, but have you thought about the practical uses of numbers much larger? In economics, finance, science, and technology, we use astronomical figures like trillion or googolplex to represent ideas from national debts to distances between galaxies.

Economics and Finance

You ain’t seen nothin’ yet – wait until Bitcoin mining slows and fees replace block rewards. That’ll shake things up in the crypto markets, for sure. As Bitcoin’s preprogrammed supply evolution continues, the mining process will radically transform.

With the block reward halving every four years until all 21 million bitcoins exist, miners will need to adjust strategies to earn from transaction fees alone. Though lost bitcoins may increase scarcity and value, this shift could impact Bitcoin’s functionality as digital cash.

The crypto markets face major uncertainty as Bitcoin transitions from coin rewards funding the network to a fee-driven system.

Science and Technology

You’d be amazed learning about scientific concepts like googolplexes showing massive numbers beyond millions in tech like Bitcoin. Technological advancements in futuristic innovations like digital transformations and scientific breakthroughs are constantly pushing the technological frontiers.

We’re just beginning to scratch the surface of what numbers can represent as humanity progresses.


Curiosity piqued? Understanding big numbers provides perspective on real-world systems and phenomena at vast scales. Calculating economic flows or grains of sand, we gain insight by grasping magnitudes beyond common experience.

Visualizing such quantities as stacked blocks or journeys across the cosmos exercises imagination. When encountering unfathomable figures, place them on the endless number line, contemplating distance from a million and position among zooming exponents.

Humbling vistas unfold! Brains may struggle, but wrestling large numbers rewards wisdom.

Avatar for Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim Sweileh

Mutasim is an author and software engineer from the United States, I and a group of experts made this blog with the aim of answering all the unanswered questions to help as many people as possible.